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Timeline 1840 - 1849

1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910

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Queen's Bazaar, 73 Oxford Street, rebuilt as the Princess's Theatre

Royalty Theatre, Soho built

During the 1840s a new form of entertainment arrives from America known as the Nigger Minstrels *

Rowland Hill introduces the penny post

Abney Park cemetery opens in Stoke Newington

A number of places compete for the honour of being the first ever of a new kind of music hall.

Brompton Cemetery, on Old Brompton, Road opens

Nunhead Cemetery opens

London & Blackwall Railway, from The Minories to Brunswick Dock at Blackwall, opens

Penny Post introduced in England

British setlement of New Zealand begins

Clarinet invented in Germany by Johann Cristoph Denner

Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton call the first Womens rights convention in London

Algerian leader Abd al-Qadir conducts a bitter and violent war against the French


Princess's Theatre, 73 Oxford Street, opens

Hippodrome racecourse in Ladbroke Grove closes

Jay's Mourning Warehouse opens at 247-9 Oxford Street

'The murders of the Rue Morgue' published by Edgar Allan Poe

First edition of Punch

Kew Gardens opens to the public

The London Library opens at 49 Pall Mall


Fleet and Marshalsea prison abolished

Pentonville Prison opened

Charles Dickens publishes his American Notes.

Health reformer Edwin Chadwick publishes his Sanitary Report

First Tunnel under the Thames in London, and first in the world under water, opens. Built by Isambard Brunel

Children's Employment Commission Report published

First issue of the Illustrated London News

Primrose Hill opens to the public

Queen Victoria travels by train, from Windsor to Paddington

Mudie's Library founded in Red Lion Square

New York Philharmonic Orchestra founded

Stephen Collins Foster publishes first song 'Open thy lattice love'


Theatre Regulations Act of 1843 passed.

Feb - John Mitchell's second season of French Plays performed at the St. James's Theatre

Adelina Patti, the famous Opera singer, born 19th February

Nelson's column erected in Trafalgar Square

Thames Tunnel opened

News of the World first published

First Christmas cards go on sale in London, (many Christmas traditions have their origin in Victorian England)


Albion saloon, foreruner of Wilton's

New Royal Exchange building opens

Association for Promoting Cleanliness Amongst the Poor founded

Tom Thumb appears at the Egyptian Hall

YMCA founded

The English Factory Act establishes a twelve hour working day for female factory workers

Samuel Morse sends first public telegram


City Theatre, Glasgow, Built and Destroyed in the same year

Cremorne Gardens open

Hungerford Suspension Bridge opens

New Oxford Street opens

Victoria Park opens

Edgar Allen Poe publishes his book 'The Raven and other poems'

Women in Sweden get equal rights of inheritance

Catastrophic famine in Ireland begins, brought about by successive failures of the staple potato crop. In British-ruled Ireland the governments of Robert Peel and, particularly, John Russell, are slow to react to the disaster.


Opening of the Grand Harmonic Hall at the Grapes Tavern in Southwark.

Endell Street constructed

American Elias Howe invents the sewing machine

Ether demonstrated as a general anesthetic in Boston Massachusettes

First Saxophone patented by Antoine Joseph Sax

Planet Neptune observed and confirmed

The Corn Laws, established to set duties on the import of grain, were repealed as the result of the Irish Famine and of the campaigns led by the Anti-Corn Law League


New House of Lords opens

Clerkenwell House of Detention opens

Liberia was established by the American colonization society to enable freed slaves in the United States to return to Africa and settle there

Charlotte Bronte publishes 'Jane Eyre'

Emily Bronte publishes 'Wuthering Heights'


Delarue Lloyd, Arthur Lloyd's brother, born

May - Horatio Lloyd at the Theatre Royal, Newcastle

W.H.Smith's first bookstall opens

Chartist demonstration on Kennington Common

Simpson's Restaurant in the Strand opens

Waterloo Station opens, replaced Nine Elms as terminus for London & South Western Railway

Queen's College, first school for higher education of women, opens in Harley Street

American engineer James Bogardus builds the firts cast iron frame buildings

Californian Gold Rush Begins

Kelvin Proposes Scale of Absolute Temperature


15th Jan - Horatio Lloyd opens the Prince's Theatre, Glasgow

Charles Morton takes over the Canterbury arms

Cholera epidemic

Olympic Theatre, in Wych Street, burns down

Coal Exchange, Lower Thames Street, opens

Great Hall at Euston Station opens

1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910


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